It is important for runners to take part in pre-participation screening (PPS), in which a combination of blood tests, physical examination, electrocardiogram (ECG) and questions on medical history can help active individuals calculate their cardiovascular risks and identify potentially life-threatening heart conditions, said Assistant Professor Yeo Tee Joo from NUS Medicine's Department of Medicine. Asst Prof Yeo is also a consultant at the National University Heart Centre, Singapore.
This pre-race test is key for individuals starting on their physical training as well as those with heart conditions. It is also suitable for sportsmen, though their ECGs may vary from those who live an inactive lifestyle, as their bodies are already used to a longer training duration.
Based on the screening results, doctors can then advise on the appropriateness of a sports event, as well as the duration and types of training an individual can adopt.