House Dust Mites Cause DNA Damage and Cell Death in Lung, Worsening Asthma
Asthma affects 300 million people globally, with 250,000 people dying from it every year. The house dust mite (HDM) is a major cause of allergic asthma, and the allergic response to HDM has been well characterised. However, researchers found another damaging effect - HDM directly causes DNA damage and cell death in lung epithelial cells, the cells lining the airways in the lung.
Found - Tumour Suppressor That May Lead to More Accurate Prognoses, New Treatments for Childhood Neuroblastoma
Neuroblastoma is a rare but aggressive cancer that affects immature nerve cells in the sympathetic nervous system in infants and young children. The system comprises nerve cells and fibres that control body functions such as heart rate and digestion.
Cancer Immunotherapy - Immune System Unplugged: Releasing Cancer's Grip with Checkpoint Inhibitors
Using the body’s immune system to attack cancer cells has been a focus of intense research for several decades, but recent breakthroughs in the field have moved immunotherapy to the forefront of new cancer treatments. This article about antibodies that release “checkpoints” in immune cells marks the first in a series about different types of cancer immunotherapy.
Cellular Immunotherapy - Harnessing the Body's Defenses against Cancer
In this second installment of the Cancer Immunotherapy series, we delve into cellular immunotherapy, which involves harnessing the power of immune cells to attack cancer cells.
Microbiological warfare in the gut
In a new article published online in Nature Communications on 12 April 2017, Associate Professor Matthew Chang’s team has demonstrated for the first time that engineered probiotic E. coli bacteria can sense and kill disease-causing bacteria in the gut of animals.